The Priory Church of St Mary and the Holy Cross,

Binham

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Poppyhead Benchends

In early periods, churches had no seating at all in the nave, other than stone benches round the outside walls, examples of which can be seen at Hunstanton and Snettisham in Norfolk. People would stand for services, and the benches were there to give relief to the aged and infirm - hence the phrase 'going to the wall'. The first wooden seats began to appear in chantries and guild chapels, and soon the custom began to spread into the body of the nave. These first benches were normally simple affairs with little or no decoration. During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the benchends became more elaborately carved, with panelling and figures of people or animals, often humorous and ferquently decidedly secular. Not all benches had backs to them (as in Cawston Church, Norfolk) and those which did had simple designs, some of which were added at a later date.

 

lily poppyhead
cockerel  poppyhead
Lily in Vase
Cockerel
Cockerel with stag armrest
Baby in swaddling clothes poppyhead
Squirrel armrest poppyhead benchend
priest in pulpit poppyhead benchend
Baby in swaddling clothes
Baby and squirrel armrest
Vicar in pulpit
Donor in prayer benchend
eagle poppyhead
lamb poppyhead
Donor in prayer
Eagle
Agnus Dei (Lamb of God)
Figures armrest benchends
Monkey armrest benchend
 
Armrest figures
Armrest monkey-lion
 
The backs of benches